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What is the definition of a gossypiboma or textiloma?

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Updated August 06, 2011

Definition:

When a sponge, usually a piece of gauze, is left inside a patient during surgery, a fibrous tumor will develop around that foreign mass. That tumor which then contains that foreign object is called a gossypiboma.

Textiloma is a synonym for a gossypiboma.

The word is derived from the Latin word gossypium which means cotton, combined with the word boma which is Swahili for a hiding place. Of course oma also means tumor or abnormal growth in Latin.

If you hear a someone use the word gossypiboma, they are referring to a surgical sponge left inside a patient.

Pronunciation: GOSS-EE-pie-BOH-ma

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