In a discussion of patients' rights, it's also important to review patients' responsibilities. Just as we have rights as American citizens (the right to vote, for example), we have corresponding responsibilities that help maintain those rights (the responsibility of going to the polls to vote.) The same is true for our medical care.
Maintaining Healthy HabitsThat proverbial ounce of prevention is most definitely more effective and efficient that the corresponding pound of cure. Making healthy food choices, getting plenty of exercise, resolving stress, getting enough sleep, moderating alcohol consumption, and refraining from smoking are those good habits we are all familiar with -- and most of us need to work on.
Being Respectful to ProvidersJust as it's a patient's right to expect respect, it is the patient's responsibility to show respect in return. This is not to suggest that patients need to be so respectful that they are afraid to ask questions or request clarification on issues regarding their health. Rather, it's a recognition that commanding respect means giving it in return -- on both sides of the patient/provider equation.
Being Honest With ProvidersAs an empowered patient, you recognize that being totally honest with your practitioner is imperative. This means sharing all information about your habits and health, as holding back can mean not getting the care that you need.
Complying with Treatment PlansSince you and your doctor will have worked together to agree on a treatment plan, it only makes sense to comply with that plan. Not doing so works against the good care you've put effort into securing.
Preparing for EmergenciesFor those who have medical challenges and/or take prescription drugs to maintain their health, it is important to be prepared for medical emergencies. If you find yourself in an emergency room, you'll want to be sure hospital personnel know about the treatments you are already receiving, or the cautions needed for effective treatment.
Reading Behind the HeadlinesWe see news every day about some new study that changes the way we see certain diseases or conditions. Sometimes the headlines don't tell the whole story. As an empowered patient, you know to look behind those headlines to find out if they apply to you.
Making Decisions ResponsiblyIn the face of a frightening diagnosis, or a scary treatment option, it's difficult to leave our emotions out of our decisions. We need to make sure our decisions about our care are based on solid evidence and proven procedures, rather than wishful thinking.
Understanding Prescription Drugs and Their Possible EffectsThere are so many possibilities for drug-related medical errors that we need to take responsibility for double-checking all prescriptions, then comparing them to the drug the pharmacist delivers to us. This is a safety question that all empowered patients must address.
To learn more about potential side effects of a drug you're on, visit About.com's Drug Finder.
Meeting Financial ObligationsPatients have the right to choose their insurance or other means for paying for their healthcare, and that right is balanced by the responsibility of taking care of those payments or corresponding financial obligations. There is no question that medical costs can become difficult and cumbersome, but they do need to be dealt with responsibly.
Reporting Fraud and WrongdoingWe've all heard of medical payment fraud, whether it's through taking advantage of Medicare laws or billing for services not rendered through public or private medical payment assistance. These violations serve to line the pockets of those who don't deserve that extra money, while forcing all citizens to pay out of their own pockets in the form of higher premiums, copays, coinsurance or Medicare taxes. It is the responsibility of patients who become aware of such fraudulent activity to report it to those who can stop it.
Avoiding Putting Others at RiskAt one extreme, we see and hear news reports about a tuberculosis patient who travels the world, potentially infecting someone else, or about a person with AIDS who passes on his disease intentionally.
At the other extreme, we send our kids to school, knowing they are running a mild fever or coughing and sneezing from an upper respiratory problem. Not to be forgotten is the dangerous workplace, or the highway bridge that is unsafe, or the playground built on a toxic waste dump.
In the United States, we have an obligation not to harm others either through intentional or unintentional means. It's our responsibility to act in such a way that we keep others from being infected or injured. In some cases, there are laws that speak to this responsibility, warranting eventual arrest or a lawsuit. In others, it's simply common sense or even the golden rule.